CTC-Pak Membership Form
CTC-Pak Membership Form
Pakistan has a population of 168 million (2008), of whom about 22-25 million
are smokers. It is the sixth most populous country in the world and most
populous country of the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region. Although its urban
population is steadily increasing, Pakistan remains largely a rural country,
with only 36% of the total population living in urban settings.
Almost, 40 per cent of the country’s population lives below poverty line. 64
per cent of the total population of the country lives in rural Pakistan
which is poor. 50 per cent men and women living in big cities of Pakistan
are slum dwellers. The poor are increasingly felling victim of lung disease
because of tobacco use. Rural poor use hukka (water pipe) whereas gutka,
paan (smokeless tobacco) and cheap cigarettes such as bedi are popular among
the urban poor. Excessive use of tobacco is multiplying socio-economic
problems of poor families and communities. More than 200,000 people die
annually of lung diseases.
Despite the tobacco control efforts, the Tobacco Industry in Pakistan
continues its unethical marketing tactics such as offering rewards in
various forms and cash rebates etc. The number of male smokers is
approximately four times the number of female smokers, with smoking
prevalence inversely related to educational access based on data from the
Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS).
In Pakistan, tobacco kills 100,000 persons every year. This is 274 deaths
Government of Pakistan ratified FCTC and promulgated laws in 2003 banning
cigarettes advertisement on mass media outlets and smoking at public places
and in public transports.
To address this major health priority, the “Prohibition of Smoking and
Protection of Non Smokers Health Ordinance 2002” focused mainly on
protecting the rights of non‐smokers by prohibiting tobacco use in indoor
public places. However, it also included provisions to regulate tobacco
advertisements, ban underage sales and establish enforcement mechanisms. In
addition to the 2002 law, a law from 1979 also regulates the printing of
health warnings on cigarettes. This law had been amended twice before 2002.
Under this law, the Federal Ministry of Health has the power to define the
content and specifications of pictorial health warnings appearing on
However, enforcement of laws is very weak. Tobacco-consuming illiterate and
poor population is a great challenge for tobacco control activists. There is
a need to develop links between tobacco control initiatives and poverty
reduction programs to assist in moving tobacco control further up in policy
The youth of Pakistan are being targeted by the tobacco industry so that
‘replacement smokers” could be recruited. This is because 85% of adults, who
smoke, started smoking before they became 18 years of age. Sadly,
approximately 1200 Pakistani boys and girls take up smoking; cigarettes and
shisha (water pipe) every day. Given the percentage of young people (aged
10-19) in the country (42% of the total population), tobacco use is likely
to increase enormously. There has been an increase in the use of Shisha in
hotels and cafes in the larger cities, which is a cause of great concern.
Growing use of Gutka, mainpuri and Naswar (smokeless tobacco) among youth;
both male and female, and household women is also becoming a health concern.
The health hazards are very much severe and the number of victims’ cases
being reported is increasing.
The lack of awareness on tobacco control law and issues among the government
authorities and general public identified to be among the main reasons
behind the weak enforcement of tobacco control laws.
Also, the consistent efforts by pro-tobacco elements to find and taking
advantages of the loopholes in the laws needs to addressed on urgent basis.
Coalition for Tobacco Control – Pakistan (CTC-Pak)
The Coalition for Tobacco Control – Pakistan (CTC-Pak), is an initiative and
project of Society for Alternative Media and Research (SAMAR). CTC-Pak is a
coalition for member organizations working for tobacco control throughout
Pakistan that also acts as a liaison entity between the policy makers and
civil society of Pakistan. The aim of CTC-Pak is to strengthen the
development and implementation of policies based on the provisions of
Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) through its monitoring and
advocacy activities and also, acting as a technical resource for the Tobacco
Control Cell, Government of Pakistan.
CTC-Pak is first ‘Bloomberg Global Initiative for Tobacco Reduction Program’
grantee in Pakistan that is working towards effective tobacco control and
compliance for the relevant laws with support from Campaign for Tobacco Free
Kids, USA (CTFK) and The Union, UK.
The objectives are to:
1. Monitor the implementation status of tobacco control laws with support
from the coalition members and present suggestions for amendments in the
laws based on the findings of results of monitoring.
2. Strengthen the coalition member organizations for providing technical
support the government authorities at sub-national levels.
information, kindly contact CTC-Pak.
This site is dedicated in favor of saving millions of preventable and premature
Coalition for Tobacco Control in Pakistan, All Rights Reserved